Musical Folk Instruments from Bulgaria


The Kaval is an aerophonic instrument with an open mouth-piece. It is one of the favorite and widespread musical instruments in Bulgaria and part of the national culture. The Kaval sounds very soft and warm and has a rich tone and timbre abilities.

There are Kavals with different length and basic keys. For example - the most popular Kaval is 640 mm long and produces the tone D when all the holes are closed. The good Kaval players can play in three pitches – high, medium and low- using over-blowing. The lower pitch (kaba) and also the highest tones are difficult to produce.

Materials: Plum tree, Cherry tree

Keys: A, C, D

Kaval sample: